Damage to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage of the knee can cause pain or swelling if these tissues are overused or receive a blow or other injury.
What does it feel like?
Anterior Knee Pain - pain over the front of the patella (kneecap) aggravated by climbing the stairs, prolonged bent-knee sitting, squatting, running and jumping activities.
Runner's Knee - pain on outside (lateral) part of knee, particularly when running. Often come on when someone increases their training load eg when training for a marathon or race.
Arthritic Knee Pain - pain generally on the inside (medial) part of the knee. Caused by degeneration of the cartilage (cushioning within the joint).
Collateral Ligament Injury (MCL/LCL) - typically occurs during sporting activities when too much force is placed on either side of the knee or via a twisting motion, causing the fibres in the ligament to strain or tear.
Cruciate Ligament Injury (ACL/PCL) - usually occurs during a trauma to the knee, often during sporting activity. Sometimes a 'pop' or 'crack' is felt as it occurs. High level of pain and swelling.
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